Chapter Review: Matthew 1 to 4

Hey everyone! I hope you’re enjoying this New Testament reading plan as much as I am. If you haven’t heard we are reading the New Testament together. Check out this post here. So far, I’ve read the first ten chapters and I wanted to share some my observations with you. This post is on the first four chapters and then I’ll write again about the sermon on the mount (chapters 5 to 7). I’m just jumping right in. 

Jesus Lineage: Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba, and David. 

  • If you don’t know, Rahab is the prostitute from Joshua 2. She helped the spies, converted to serving God, and saved her whole family. 
  • Ruth lost her husband, her sons, and basically everything she held dear. She followed her mother in law, converted to serve God, and then remarried. She lived and had more sons with her new husband Boaz. Her story is in the book of Ruth. 
  • Bathsheba was the woman whom David saw bathing on the roof in 2 Samuel 11. David had an adulterous relationship with her, killed her husband, took her as his wife, and the child that she bore died. She went on to have other children with David as is evident from Psalm 31. She is presumed to be the Psalm 31 woman, presumably written from her advice to her son. 
  • Notwithstanding the above behavior, David was called a man after God’s heart. He was considered righteous in God’s eyes. (1 Kings 15:5) He wrote many of the Psalms and defeated the giant that terrified the Israelite army. (1 Samuel 17) He ran for many years after his victory. You can see from the Psalms that he experienced depression, doubts, and extraordinary faith. 

Prophecies: Jesus’ birth and early life fulfill more than a half dozen prophecies. Matthew points these out specifically. 

My Observations: Reading these first chapters brought some questions to my mind and I did a couple of searches. 

Matthew 2:2 The Magi call Jesus the King of the Jews. If you recall, at his execution, the sign nailed above his head labels him as the King of the Jews. I think this is interesting because it seems to hint at his final hours and his purpose for being here on earth. Also, interesting – at his birth his parents run from the King who would kill him to prevent him fulfilling his purpose. At his death, he goes willingly to the king who would release him. 

Jesus’ baptism prompted some questions for me:

Why did Jesus get baptized? I did an internet search and found a reference to the cleansing rituals that the Levite priests had to perform prior to entering the inner sanctuary. The Israelites were also ordered to perform cleansing rituals at various times. It makes sense that Jesus would get baptized to cleanse himself before entering into his purpose (recall his statement to his mother at the wedding where he turned water into wine). 

It also makes sense if he was going into the inner sanctuary to be with God. He says at various times (look for these in your future readings) that he is always in communication with God the Father. I think a safe hypothesis is that maybe he wasn’t there until he was baptized – his comments, absence of miracles before this event, and his statement to Mary at the wedding all support this guess. 

I further hypothesize that Jesus was following God’s instructions and giving Jesus followers (us) an example to follow. We use baptism as a public declaration of our faith. The early Jesus followers did the same. It is often written in the letters, which come later in the New Testament, that a person believed and then is baptized. In Matthew 3:13-17 the heavens open, the Spirit of God descends, and God voices his pleasure with Jesus.  

What his cousin John a prophet? I wondered if John was a prophet because of things he says to clear the way for Jesus. He is a fulfillment of a couple of prophecies by having cleared a way for Jesus. In verse five he is a teacher, in verse seven he is criticizing the Pharisees and Sadducees. In verse eleven he is shouting about baptism and the judgment of mankind. 

My next set of observations is in Matthew 4 – the temptation of Jesus. Pay attention to what the devil and Jesus do and say. 

First, the devil says “If you are the son of God…” each time he tries to tempt Jesus. This is the devil breeding doubt. The Spirit of God descended upon Jesus and he heard the voice of God call Jesus God’s son. There’s no doubt to be had. Jesus is God’s son. The devil will try to make you doubt who you are at every chance he gets. If he can make you forget that you’re loved, adopted, and chosen, he will take your power, your identity, and your purpose away all at once. 

Second, the devil used scripture to combat Jesus. Ephesians says that the word of God is a sword (Ephesians 6: 1-18). Jesus quotes the Bible in response to everything the devil throws at him. Then in verse six, the devil quotes a passage trying to win Jesus to his point of view. Jesus responded with another verse. 

Next, the devil tried persuasion by pushing Jesus’ humanity buttons. The buttons were the physical need/anxiety button, the lust/greed button, and the pride button. Jesus was hungry, he was fasting. 

  1. He could have turned the stones to bread but chose not to. That was his physical needs button. If he had not known his identity this is where we usually get anxious and afraid. We worry our physical needs won’t be fulfilled and we wrestle control from God and make mistakes. Pay attention to the sermon on the mount and other things Jesus says later on – he addresses these straight on.
  2. He could have jumped off and maybe God would have saved him, but he didn’t have to. He knew he was the Son of God – he heard it himself. If he was puffed up with false pride and resting on an insecure foundation, he would have felt the need to prove himself to the devil. However, he was sure of who God said he was and he refused to test his Father as he was being tempted to do. 
  3. He could have agreed to take the world from Satan but he already knew he would defeat the devil because he knew his reason for being in the world. He also knew that it was not a fair trade to give up heaven in exchange for the whole world. 

There are two questions that arose for me after reading this. One – who does God say we are? And two – how do we know if it is God talking to us or the devil using the Bible to tempt us or to mislead us? For the first question, I know that the answers will be given throughout the New Testament. I put together an index card to write it down every time I come across a verse that begins with “you are…” Here’s a free download for you to print for yourself. It’s a 5×7 card size, print it and put it in your bible or your journal.

By the end of the year, I will have a long list of who God says I am that I can cling to for the rest of my days. I also have a testimony related to this question that I will share with you soon. 

How do we know it’s God and not the devil?  Here are three answers to this question. Feel free to comment and add to it if you come up with another.

  • Familiarity: Jesus says “the sheep know my voice” (John 10 – we will read this soon, so look out for it). As we get familiar with the Bible we begin to know who God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are – we will be familiar with their promptings. The prophet Isaiah repeated in (Isaiah 30:21 NLT) “Your own ears will hear him. Right behind you a voice will say, ’this is the way you should go, whether to the right or to the left.’ ” This is in a prophecy about Jesus and over time, I have experienced this quiet certainty about what to do and not to do that seems to come from my soul and not my mind, my ears, or even my heart. That is how we know. 
  • Goodness of God: We know God is good, that is his nature and his character. God will not ask something of us that is wrong, out of his character, or that violates scripture. I don’t mean how scripture is interpreted or twisted. I am talking about the plain language, in context, without twisting.  This is hard because God often takes us beyond our safe space, outside of our limits, and uses faith to build a bridge to where he is taking us. In our weaknesses, we will be required to depend on him. (2 Corinthians 12) We will be afraid too. However, anywhere he leads will always lead you to his purpose for your life. (a post will be coming soon on this too) 
  • Consistency. All the things that God will direct you to do or to go will be consistent with each other and with the Bible. The Bible is a love letter, an instruction manual, and a map for life. It tells us what the right things are and what the wrong things are. It gives us both our identity and our purpose. If you believe that God is telling you to do something that falls into the category of inconsistent, you should stop and pray before doing anything at all. God will not offer you confusion as a life path. Usually, if you are confused it is your humanity getting in the way. Once you pray and decide to follow the way God is leading, you will find the confusion evaporating. 

I hope that you gain insight and understanding from my synopsis of these four chapters. If you have please type your email in below to get new posts delivered to your inbox. Also, I’d love to know what your observations, insights, and thoughts brought up to you. Please enter the conversation by typing a comment below. 


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